oil

Oil Prices Either Crash Or Rebound At This Juncture

Oil Prices Either Crash Or Rebound At This Juncture

Oil prices are at a major inflection point. They either turn higher or break multi-year support levels and cause more pain to oil producers. 

Nearly 2 months ago, we put out a note describing how we speculated on the upside of crude oil prices. We then subsequently implored if prices had indeed bottomed, and we made a case for both sides of the trade. Regular readers that follow our trades that we make public, will know that from the period spanning 1/27 till today, we have had 5 trades on oil. The results of these trades can be found in our most recent commentary dated 3/10.

In this note, we will share with readers a few takeaways we have gained, as well as what we expect going forward.

Euro Parity, Coming Sooner Than You Expect

Euro Parity, Coming Sooner Than You Expect

The time from when we last published our latest addition of the Daily Grail has been rather eventful. From the blistering jobs report 2 weeks ago that propelled market's expectation for a June rate hike even higher, to the continuation of monetary policy bifurcation by the world's central banks that will soon see the Euro trading at par to the Dollar, the month of March has so far endowed the financial markets with much needed cross-asset volatility.

On 22 January, the ECB unveiled something the world had never seen before. Mario Draghi, President of the European Central Bank, announced that for the first time in the 14 years of the Euro's existence, the ECB was going to monetize debt securities to the tune of €60bn/month. Just 2 short months ago, the ECB termed this open market operation the EAPP (Expanded Asset Purchase Program).

2 months and 1000 pips later, the ECB has coined a new term - the PSPP (Public Sector Purchase Program).The big question on the minds of currency traders across all trading desks is when will parity be attained on EURUSD. Not if but when.

US Economy Officially In Deflation

US Economy Officially In Deflation

We spoke, we warned, and it has now happened. For reference, we have included a bevy of links documenting our explanation of why deflation was going to be the elephant in the China room.

With the significance of this being the first deflationary headline figure 6 years after Lehman collapsed, low oil prices have conveniently been cast as the straw man. There is some truth to this - the energy index fell 9.7% while the gasoline index fell 18.7% in January, both over December. This marks the fiercest plunge in the 7 consecutive negative prints; the report also noted that the decline in the gasoline was "overwhelmingly the cause" for broad weakness in overall prices. When annualized, the energy index and gasoline index fell 19.6% and 35.4% respectively. Staggering figures!

Europe Frozen In Coldest Deflation Ever

Europe Frozen In Coldest Deflation Ever

Everyone certainly knows about the blockbuster Disney animation film "Frozen" and its plot. Though we realize, rather humbly indeed, that we will never come anywhere close to Chris Buck's eloquence in personifying fictional fantasy, we nonetheless were able to connect the quaint dots of what was one of the most popular movies of 2013 & 2014, and that of the biggest stories of the global economy.

We liken Elsa to global oil prices; once the innocent commodity everyone vied for has now become the harbinger of disinflation and deflation, causing great pain and blowing a bone-chilling deflationary wind across much of the world. Anna (Elsa's beloved sister), which we liken to central banks, embarks on a journey of wanderlust and real purpose to try to rescue her dearest sister who has uncontrollably morphed into an Ice Daemon.
Once in the bliss of a dearest sisterhood with Elsa - like central banks were to elevated asset prices, Anna now frantically embarks on an unprecedented journey of uncertainties to save Arendelle from an eternal ice age - like central bankers are now embarking on extraordinary monetary programs to reverse the unintended consequence of their previous misdeeds.

23-28 December: Record Highs on Santa Rally; Russia Say Ruble Crisis Over; Japanese Prices Slip Yet Lower

23-28 December: Record Highs on Santa Rally; Russia Say Ruble Crisis Over; Japanese Prices Slip Yet Lower

The S&P 500 index closed at a record high of 2083 at Friday's close, capping what has been an ebullient Christmas week where equities have historically enjoyed outsized returns relative to volatility. Indeed, the S&P 500 was joined by the Russell 2000 index of stocks and the DJIA (Dow Jones Industrial Average of 30 stocks) to close Friday at their respective record highs.

Trading volumes have been thin across the board, perhaps not so in China where people apparently are told not to celebrate the festivities of Christmas, as markets there remained opened for the entire week. Apart from American markets, the Shanghai Composite surged to a record high this past week. Reason? Mainstream media has been blaring more stimuli from the PBoC. If indeed true, that the PBoC is indeed gearing up for more stimulus come 2015, it would indeed be trying to balance a very tricky scale. Readers will recall that earlier in December, the PBoC reigned in on shadow banking by tightening collateral rules; and now wants to prop up asset prices by introducing more stimulus via other conduits? Seems like some central bankers over there are a little confused on what they actually wish to achieve with their Schrödinger policies.

19-22 December: Reeling From Russia's Pain, Belarus Implodes; Global Markets Rebound Sharply; Sony Hacking Satire

19-22 December: Reeling From Russia's Pain, Belarus Implodes; Global Markets Rebound Sharply; Sony Hacking Satire

The overnight night unsecured deposit rate on BYR has exploded north of 30% as the national bank has made it too expensive to lend BYR even amongst banks. As we learned from the bank's press release, it wants to halt sales of BYR by as much as possible though pseudo and conventional capital controls. The interest on commercial and retail deposits at local banks has also spiked to encourage individuals and businesses to leave their currency in their banks. Apparently enough, we know this is not working one bit and the run on banks continues and will probably extend all the way to Christmas Eve before there is any easing of tensions.

Indeed, just a few hours after AFP broke this news, the overnight interbank BYR deposit rate has surged past 50% as the fire intensifies.

15-16 December: Russian Ruble Falls to Record Low Despite Massive Rate Hike

15-16 December: Russian Ruble Falls to Record Low Despite Massive Rate Hike

Update: After surging 9% against the dollar in the early hours of European trading, the Ruble has resumed its slump towards 70 to the dollar, as Bloomberg reports. Seems like all is not fixed even in the surface.

Update 2: USDRUB breaches 80, RTS index down a whopping 15%. Alarm bells going off. Dollar is at session lows and safety is massively bid.

The CBR raised its main interest rate to 17% from the 10.5% last week, a 650bp hike, sending the ruble much higher as traders knew jerked to the eleventh hour decision to try halt to ruble's cataclysmic collapse amid even lower oil prices. The decision to raise the borrowing cost of interbank borrowing came at 1am local time, highlighting the desperation and intended impact of the measure

11-13 December: Ruble Sees No Respite Despite Rate Hike; Oil Continues Massacre; Weak TLTRO Results

11-13 December: Ruble Sees No Respite Despite Rate Hike; Oil Continues Massacre; Weak TLTRO Results

The IEA (international Energy Association) cuts global oil demand forecast for fourth time in 5 months as OPEC refuses to blink and global growth forecasts dim to a twinkle. This has sent WTI prices below $60 and printed a low of $57.31, the weakest since July 2009. Across the board, Brent and Canadian Heavy prices are also crashing through the floor. Corporate credit and equity of companies in the energy sector continue to take relentless beatings as analysts continue to predict ever lower prices. The contagion effect has major oil producing countries all over the world scurrying to prevent their respective economic meltdowns as revenues are clawed back by the markets for every additional cent oil prices decline.

10 December 2014: China Rubs Salt Into Weak Oil Wound

10 December 2014: China Rubs Salt Into Weak Oil Wound

China's Securities Depository Corporation announced (CSDC) Tuesday that they would no longer accept non AAA-rated corporate debt securities as collateral in repurchase transactions, essentially raising the cost of short term collateralized borrowing in the private sector. AAA-rated corporate debt securities to be pledged as collateral must also originate from AA-rated issuers.

China has hinted rather overtly it wants to drastically reduce leverage in its stock and bond markets, and is partially working on this goal by tightening monetary policy through indirect tools; fixing Yuan higher and raising collateral standards and reducing availability.